chemistry, energy, environmental engineering, chemical engineering
biomass, solid fuels, combustion, pyrolysis
Modern research and testing stand to perform testing of small-size boilers (below 0.5MW) according to British, German and Polish standards. This stand is a component of the accredited laboratory in IChPW.
Research focus of the Centre:
The research agenda of the Centre is composed of the compatible agenda's of the four workgroups that contribute to the overall agenda in a multi-disciplinary and integrative way. The Centre performs the following four topics:
Processes of combustion, pyrolysis and gasification of biomass for energy production:
Development of a reactors for small- and medium-capacity gasification of biomass.
Conceptual design of installations for heat and electricity co-generation in small and medium scale.
Demonstration of co-generation installations of different kinds.
Processes for upgrading solid products by pyrolysis of biomass:
Development of gas cleaning technology (tars removal).
Development of integrated technological systems for activated carbon production and heat generation.
Implementing sorption technologies for `end of pipe' cleaning of industrial gases and waste water.
Development and implementation of ecologically safe and effective technologies of waste plastics utilisation.
Standardisation and testing of solid fuels and processes:
Development of attestation criteria for biomass-fired boilers.
Harmonisation of the standardisation system of fossil and renewable fuels and waste with the EU standards.
Implementation of technical evaluation procedures for biomass boilers.
Integrated technology transfer. Co-operation with European centres in the field of implementation of new technologies for biomass and waste processing:
Extension of existing data bases.
Development of optimal designing procedures for heating systems which use biomass.
Development of a catalogue of available techniques for biomass application and wastes energetical valorisation.
Identification of processes for effective waste utilisation for chemicals production (methanol, hydrogen).
Market oriented analysis for short and long term strategy of development.
Polish research projects currently run in the Centre:
Polish State Committee for Scientific Research (KBN) project:
Influence of DESONOX catalyst on organic matter transformation from solid fuels during their combustion in fixed bed. Protective effects of novel nitroxides on the cells exposed to anticancer drugs.
Regional Founds for Environmental Protection project:
Investigation of effective combustion of different biomass types in a prototype boiler of 500 kW capacity for the municipal sector.
European research projects currently run in the Centre:
The Fifth Framework Programme projects:
A new metallurgical route for the on-line conversion of by-products into valuable mineral and metallic products with a reduction of CO2 emission.
Regional Innovation Strategy for the Silesian Voivodeship.
Thermal treatment of scrap tyres to produce re-usable carbon black.
Sewage sludge gasification for CHP applications (undergoing contract negotiation).
From old tyre to hydrogen (undergoing contract negotiation).
The scientists of the Centre publish annually more than thirty papers in domestic international refereed journals and deliver more than forty communications during domestic and international scientific meetings. Between 1998-2001 specialists of the Centre published about 83 publications concerning thermochemical processing of renewable energy sources (biomass) and wastes - processes of pyrolysis, gasification and combustion of wastes and biomass' in domestic and international journals and technical magazines. They are active members of European Coke Committee, Polish Academy of Science: Coal Section, Combustion Section, Polish Ecological Club; Polish Biomass Society, Polish Commission for Standardization in: Coal Derivatives Products, Solid Fuels, Air Quality. The Centre is the organizer of many biannual domestic and international conferences.
Installation for energy efficiency and emission studies of solid fuels combustion: The installation allows to determine: the energy efficiency of the tested boilers (below 0.5 MW), the combustion efficiency of the tested fuel, pollutants' contents in the flue gas (dust, CO, CO2, SO2, NOx, CmHn, tar substance, PAH-s including benzo-alpha-pyrene, VOCs, BTx, chlorine and fluorine compounds, heavy metals), pollutants form the combustion process emission rates to the air and the effect of heating facilities design on the emission effectiveness.
Laboratory stand for research of solid fuels and biomass thermal conversion (pyrolysis and gasification): The stand allows studying biomass pyrolysis and gasification processes in fixed and fluidised beds - their optimisation for the quantity and quality of the obtained products as well as forecasting the emission of harmful substances.
Stand for classical and instrumental analyses of organic pollutants: It allows to determine pollutants emitted from processes of solid fuels and biomass processing, such as: dust, CO, CO2, NOX, SOX, CXHY, and VOCs (volatile organic contents), 16 PAH-s (polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons) according to the EPA among them benzo-alpha-pyrene and to determine physico-chemical properties of fossil fuels, biomass and wastes.
Stand for solid fuels and biomass compacting: The stand allows to: study processes of briquetting and granulating in a laboratory and semi-industrial scale, select binders and binding agents, optimise the composition of input substances mixture and the conditions of the course of compacting process, make a detailed analysis of obtained products' properties, i.e. mechanical strength, absorbability, water-resistance, susceptibility for leaching, susceptibility to elution of sulphate and chloride ions as well as of organic substances, pH of water extracts, etc.
Laboratory for analytical research of solid fuels and products of thermochemical conversion: The laboratory performs a full scope of analyses of physico-chemical properties of fossil fuels, biomass and waste on the basis of laboratory equipped with 15 high-quality analysers, i.e.: organic carbon, hydrogen, nitrogen, sulphur, sodium, potassium, calcium, lithium analysers, total moisture, ash and volatile matter content analysers, etc.
Laboratory for research of adsorption processes from a gaseous and a liquid phase: The laboratory is equipped with a transportable stand with a fixed bed to study carbon-based adsorbents, a model stand for studies of adsorbents used in processes of water and sewage treatment in a stationary bed, a prototype stand for studies on the use of adsorbents in processes of water and sewage treatment in a circulating bed and a mobile stand for studies on possibilities of carbon adsorbents use in the process of anaerobic biosorption.
Research stand for thermolysis of organic waste and biomass: The stand consists of an installation for waste and biomass shredding and a large-scale laboratory installation for thermolysis of organic waste in bitumens.
The permanent staff of the Centre consists of 24 scientists (incl. 1 professor, 10 senior scientists, 13 scientists), 8 technicians and 2 persons of administration.
The University of Leeds - Great Britain; the Danish Technological Institute, Denmark; Universite Pierre et Marie Curie, Paris France; University Münster, Germany; the Coal Research Establishment, Great Britain; Centre de Pyrolyse de Marienau, France; Universite de Metz, France; Universite de Nancy, France; Deutsche Montan Technologie GmbH, Germany; Instituto National del Carbon, Oviedo Spain; Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Cientificas - Instituto de Carboquimica, Zaragoza, Spain; Anlagentechnik GmbH, Germany; Technical University Clausthal, Germany; Engineer School of Chambery, France; Technical University of Ostrava, Czech Republic; The Slovak Academy of Science SAV - Kosice, Slovakia.
Co-operation with industrial partners:
The Centre plays a leading role in the region as well as on the national level in the field of processes of combustion, gasification and pyrolysis of solid fuels, including renewable energy sources and wastes. The Centre co-operates with the regional authorities on a regulation system for evaluation and permission concerning the exploitation of heating installations and an ecological certification system for heating installations using solid fuels. The Centre is in close co-operation with carbo-chemical industry, the chemical sector, the energy and heating industry, coal and steal industry - recently more and more with small and medium sized enterprises. The Centre implements highly-effective and secure/safe technical solutions for design and production of boilers and optimisation of energy and heat production processes. The Centre is an engine in generating co-operation with research centres, foundations and industry and has a strong position concerning development of new technologies and technology transfer in its field.