Centre of Excellence for Baltic Development, Education and Research
University of Gdańsk
Institute of Oceanography
Department of Marine Biology and Ecology
Department of Marine Chemistry and Environmental Protection
Department of Physical Oceanography
Marine Station at Hel
A super fish - examining a swordfish found on the Polish coast of the Baltic Sea.
An academic workshop for students (and seals) conducted at the Institute of Oceanography.
Oceanograf 2 - a research vessel of the Institute of Oceanography.
Research focus of the Centre:
Marine ecology, ecophysiological studies, behaviour of Baltic species under different environmental conditions, monitoring of harmful and non-indigenous species in the Baltic Sea;
shallow water fish ecology, the biology and ecology of Antarctic fish and the occurrence of marine mammals off the Polish coast;
marine contact zones: small-scale air-sea interaction, the seasonal and regional variability of the atmospheric input, aerosol exchange, the input of chemicals into the sea, mineralization of organic matter at the sediment-water interface, the significance of the interstitial water with reference to the migration of ions and chemical compounds across the water-sediment interface, correlation between bottom type and chemical composition of the demersal water;
abiotic factors of coastal water ecosystems, interactions between terrestrial and open-sea waters, properties of seawater investigated by field measurements, numerical modelling of the ecosystem;
geological development and the recent geo- and biogeological processes in the marine environment, evaluation of coastal cliffs and shore protection, hydrology of the coastal zone, especially salt-water - fresh water relationships.
Polish research projects currently run in the Centre:
In the last five years the research has been supported by 24 individual grants from the State Committee for Scientific Research (KBN) incl.: Nutrients in the sediments of the Pomorska Bay and the Gulf of Gdańsk.
The role of upwelling in biological productivity along the Polish coast of the Baltic Sea.
Reconstruction of the paleo-environmental changes in Puck Bay on the basis of the biostratigraphic studies.
Influence of hypoxie anoxie on protein content in chosen invertebrates.
European research projects currently run in the Centre:
European Marine Research Stations Network (MARS), Baltic Small Projects Facilities (BIOFISH), Baltic Sea System Study (BASYS), Land-Ocean Interaction in the Coastal Zone (LOICZ), Bioremediation of the European Coastal Areas (BIOREM), Implementation and Networking of Large Scale, Long Term Marine Biodiversity Research in Europe (BIOMARE), Impact of Changes in Marine Biodiversity on Coastal Ecosystems (CHAMBIO), The Impact of Biodiversity Changes in Coastal Marine Benthic Ecosystems (BIOCOMBE).
There are about 40-60 original research papers published every year, predominantly in international journals. The scientists working in the Institute of Oceanography participate in national and international conferences, on average 35 and 20 a year, respectively. In the years 1997-2001 the Institute organized 8 national and 6 international conferences, including the symposium on "Functioning of Coastal Ecosystems in Various Geographical Regions", which is held every three years.
Scientists of the Centre are active members of: Baltic Marine Biologists (BMB), Conference of Baltic Oceanographers (CBO), Baltic Marine Environment Protection Commission HELCOM, Coalition Clean Baltic (CCB), International Baltic Sea Fishery Commission (IBSFC), European Marine Biologists Symposium (EMBS), International Society for Biological Calorimetry (ISBC), European Crustacean Conference (ECC), International Conference on Animal Physiology, European Society Conference of Physiology and Biochemistry (ESCPB), World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF), International Council for Exploration of the Sea (ICES), European Cetacean Society, ASCOBANS, European Marine Research Stations Network (MARS), Coast Watch European Network, Polish Hydrobiological Society, National Council of Environmental Protection, Scientific Committee of the Slovinski National Park, Committee of Environmental Protection in Pomorskie Province, Scientific Committee of the Nadmorski Landscape Park.
Additionally, the scientists from the Centre are members of editorial boards of national and international journals (Archive of Fishery and Marine Research, Oceanology, Oceanological Studies - published by the Institute since 1996).
The Institute is well equipped in basic and highly specialized measurement instruments such as:
Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometer (Shimadzu),
High Performance Liquid Chromatograph with PDA detector and autosampler (Waters),
CHN/S/O Analyser (Perkin Elmer 2400 series),
laser particle sizer for rapid,
automatic particle size analysis over the range of 0.16 to 1250 ľm,
HRPT satellite receiving station (UKW Technik Electronic GmbH),
CTD probe (Meerestechnik GmbH),
IR Spectrophotometer (Perkin Elmer 1600 series).
The research vessel Oceanograf 2, which is used for training students and young researchers in sampling and in situ measurements, is equipped in rubber dinghy with portable engine (for six persons), plankton nets, drags, grabs, water samplers. There is also a good navigational equipment on board.
At present the Institute employs 65 persons, with 40 academic staff, including 7 full professors and 6 associate professors (at the age of 45-50 on average), 22 doctors (over 30 years old) and 5 assistants. They carry out research in the field of marine biology, ecology, chemistry, geology and physics. Additionally, 30 Ph.D. students (at the age of 25-30 on average) participate in the research and teaching, while working towards their Ph.D. degree.
University of Ostrava, Czech Republic, Copenhagen University, Denmark, Department of Marine Sciences, Suez Canal University, Egypt, Åbo Akademi University, Finland, Université de La Rochelle, France, Carl von Osietzky Universität Oldenburg, Germany, Universität Rostock, Germany, Institute of Marine Biology, Crete, Greece, Department of Marine Biology and Genetics, University of Florence, Italy, Oslo University, Norway, University of Algarve, Portugal, University of Dundee, UK, University of Plymouth, UK, The Natural History Museum, London, UK, Department of Biology, Bates College, USA.
Co-operation with industrial partners:
Evaluation of the influence on the environment of the Gulf of Gdańsk of the sewage transported by a pipeline from sewage plant "Gdańsk-East", Biomonitoring of the coastal area of the Sopot beach, Investigation of the benthic sediments in the Harbor of Gdańsk, The influence of the underwater gas pipeline in the Polish Economic Zone on the Baltic ecosystem, The influence of the wind farms on biocenosis of the Jastrzębia Góra-Dębki coastal zone.
One of the notable achievements of the Institute of Oceanography is the creation of the Marine Station at Hel Peninsula which is equipped with a constant-flow sea water aquarium system for the Baltic seals and other marine animals a unique one in the south-east part of the Baltic coast.
Here, the research into the reproduction and reintroduction of the endangered marine mammals into their natural habitat is carried out. These experiments follow the recommendations of the Helsinki Commission (HELCOM) and the Agreement on the Conservation of Small Cetaceans of the Baltic and the North Sea (ASCOBANS).